What to do at home, if it hurts the neck

In human body everything is interconnected and any illness or pain arises just be sure the reason for this any push. The pace of modern life, people are not used to treat pain and not to go to the doctor, hoping that the pain will go away with time itself. Such a nasty disease as the pain in the neck, often occurs in office workers, athletes and people who move a little, and after sessions of excessive physical exertion. If it hurts the neck to endure, of course, is not necessary, because the sooner treatment begins, the faster you can get rid of pain and discomfort.

Building the neck

In human body everything is interconnected and, of course, the normal functioning of the neck is impossible without a healthy spinal cord and spine. The neck is the beginning of the vertebral column consists of seven cervical vertebrae. Head movement is possible due to the large number of muscles and ligaments, and if it disrupts the work of a particular muscle in this case we can talk about pain. The composition includes the following components:

  1. The trapezius muscle is involved in movement of the blades.
  2. The muscle belt, so it is possible to easily perform the movement of the neck forward and backward, and tilt the head.
  3. Lopatochna the muscles connecting scapula with ostistim branch.
  4. Musculus erector spinae is one of the most long muscle that runs from the sacrum to the bones of the head, which runs through the entire spine.
Muscle contraction is possible with the help of nerves in the neck part includes three types:
  1. Motor nerves able to shrink independently without any help.
  2. The sensory nerves are able to sense various movements and manipulations.
  3. The phrenic nerves provide for the operation of the diaphragm.

With blood vessels the neck is filled with oxygen, tissues and cells are protected from death. Naturally, the disruption of blood flow can cause tumors and other neoplasms.

The aches and pains

Types of pain

Neck pain is characterized by various types and distinctive feeling. Neck in the human body performs an important motor function, gives the ability to rotate the head and to increase visibility. It also connects the head and the spine, providing the vertical position of the body. If a neck ache, it could be even from awkward movement, a sharp turn or tilt. This neck pain usually goes away pretty quickly. Sometimes the discomfort persists to the end, people get used to them, starts to ache, not only the neck, but the spine – then you need to see what happens neck pain:

  1. Acute pain can occur from sudden rotation or tilt. At this point the muscles, ligaments and tendons of the cervical clamped and the person feels a lot of pressure on the nerves.
  2. The pain is dull character appears in the result of long-term lesions of the spine, cramps and fatigue.
  3. Sometimes the pain appears suddenly and unsubstantiated.
  4. The tight nature has on the spine, hands, head, and shoulders.
  5. Sore neck when moving head.
  6. Numbness of this area of the body, reducing the sensitivity.
  7. Sore neck at front with concomitant diseases of the respiratory system.

These types of feelings are basic, when a person is faced with such unpleasant symptoms. Moreover, the pain can change and develop into a more severe form, affecting other parts of the body.

Reasons

The source of pain must be sought after and not always be associated with the cervical spine. Modern medicine currently knows a lot about what can trigger this violation, because without specifying the reasons, you cannot assign effective treatment. Causes of neck pain can be:

  1. The deposition of salts in the cervical spine can cause pain in the neck. Cervical osteochondrosis and arthrosis are very common diseases as the young and elderly ages. In view of such diseases clearly heard the crunching drives, in severe cases, the cervical spine loses its mobility, turning my head very difficult.
  2. Spasms in the muscles. If ill neck by spasms in the muscles – pain is the nature of the attacks is education. Mostly when turning head feels stronger. In this case, the pain may recede by itself or after taking painkillers.
  3. Hernia is a serious disease that affects the shoulder girdle, spine, neck is hurting less, but it accounts for the pressure of the above parts of the body.
  4. Working conditions. Sedentary work, frequent changes in body position increase the risk of violations.
  5. The occurrence of tumors. The occurrence of tumors is one of the most dangerous processes. Of course, modern medicine in this case gave a push forward for removal and treatment of benign tumors, however, the disease does not always want to retreat and tumors can develop into malignant. The examination in this case is required.
  6. Myelopathy – problems in the spinal cord, the result of injuries, infectious diseases and various inflammations.
  7. Concomitant diseases affecting the musculoskeletal system, bones and cartilage.

Factors and causes are very much asking the question "why neck hurt?" the person is lost and does not know where to start the examination and diagnosis.

Diagnosis

Any type of pain in the body should be removed. What to do if a sore neck? Of course to go to the doctor and preferably qualified to make an accurate diagnosis and appointed effective treatment. Can help the following professionals:

Diagnosis
  • Medical injury, orthopedist or surgeon.
  • Therapist.
  • Rheumatologist.

These are the basic medical profiles, who takes treatment of pain in the cervical.

Beginning diagnosis is the collection of blood and urine tests (biochemical and General) for installation of pathologies in different components. Elevated levels of leukocytes, the presence of free protein in the urine and more is a violation of many organs. In the diagnosis of diseases such analyses is required to take.

In the list of additional manipulations included:
  1. Magnetic resonance imaging. You can evaluate the performance of muscles, nerves and blood vessels to check blood flow, to evaluate soft tissue. MRI is a quite informative method of research.
  2. Computed tomography helps to explore the damaged areas of the neck, to consider the composition of the disk, pathology.
  3. Electromyography. Explores the nerves and nerve irritation, by means of artificial stimulus, which acts on the nervous system in the neck.
  4. The x-ray makes a clear picture of the region and seven vertebrae. Performed in multiple projections for a more accurate review.

Through such studies, which are conducted on modern equipment, you can easily identify all the sources and the reasons why neck pain and what to do in this case.

The doctor also evaluates the condition of the neck by inspection and palpation:
  1. Evaluates reflexes, a stage of sensitivity of muscle contraction.
  2. Touches the neck for the installation of deformed parts.
  3. Inspects neck and head.

Effective diagnostic method is ultrasound examination of brain vessels and neck, which will be fixed, there are spasms in the brain, how does the blood show any tumors.

If we are talking about infectious diseases that affect the neck, to proceed with the treatment in this case also it is not necessary, because the infection can spread and lead to death. The doctor prescribes a bacteriological examination, which is able to identify the environment in which they live and breed bacteria.

An increased level of leukocytes in the General analysis of blood indicates that the body is fighting infection.

In occipital neuralgia, pain in the neck occur often enough – this suggests that the muscles, nerves and ligaments put pressure on each other. The patient becomes difficult to perform locomotor and rotational movements of the head, the numbness of the neck. Diagnose this disease on MRI and CT. If the cause is not established, the doctor can make occipital neuralgia in the first degree.

Treatment

After the methods of diagnosing neck pain and its causes, a doctor can make a diagnosis and prescribe appropriate treatment. Treatment methods at the moment very much, but main and most important always remain the same:

  1. Compulsory medical drugs.
  2. Gymnastics and medical physical culture.
  3. Massage courses.
  4. Physiotherapy.

In addition, doctors also suggest to use traditional medicine. In most cases it gives the desired effect and a positive effect on the body.

Medication

Apply the following group of drugs:

  1. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs – Diclofenac, Nimesil. They block pain and cramping, act quickly and preserve the analgesic effect. Injections into the muscle will be much more effective than tablets and solutions.
  2. Narcotic analgesics – Morphine, Codeine. They are used only if treatment with NSAIDs did not help, as these drugs are very strong and have pronounced side effects.
  3. Vasodilators – they are able to improve the composition of blood and structure of blood vessels, to prevent bleeding and to improve blood flow.
  4. Chondroprotectors – substances that can improve the metabolism in tissues and organs that have undergone inflammation. With their help to the affected area receives the required amount of the desired organic and inorganic components.

Such a question as what to do if a sore neck would not Wake up, if you follow all the doctor's recommendations in taking these funds.

Gymnastics and physiotherapy

In moments of great pain to perform gymnastic exercises is not recommended, as pain can only increase, but also as a prevention from them during the period of relief can be implemented. Useful are the following exercises:

  1. Tilts neck to the shoulders. 2-3 sets of 20.
  2. Turning his head to the side. 2-3 sets of 20.
  3. Circular movements of the head. 2-3 sets of 20.

These are the main exercises that are performed by pain. They perfectly cope with it, harden muscles and increase blood flow.

Massage and manual therapy

In our time without a massage anywhere, so a course of 10 treatments would be sufficient for the normalization of motor function of the cervical spine, muscle tension thus removed. To perform the massage by yourself, lightly to stretch your neck from a nape.

Massage Physiotherapy

Physiotherapeutic methods are executed under the supervision of a doctor and are considered effective in pain relief. Used electrophoresis, laserotherapy and shock wave. Their action is aimed at the nerves and tissue recovery takes place after the third treatment.

From neck pain to deprive you, any treatments in any event the effect. The pain gradually fades away and at one point disappears and does not return for a long time. As a preventive measure, doctors suggest to move more, to do morning exercises and eat right so the body got all the necessary trace elements.

02.08.2018